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Anemia During Pregnancy

Anemia During Pregnancy

Anemia is a condition that develops when your blood lacks enough healthy red blood cells or hemoglobin.  Hemoglobin is a main part of red blood cells for transporting oxygen to various parts of the body. 

Insufficient red blood cells cause fatigue and tiredness due to low oxygen supply.  Due to many body changes during pregnancy this is a common condition for many women. In this post, I will discuss the many different types of anemia cause by the iron deficiency.

What Are The Types of Anemia In Pregnancy?

Iron Deficiency Anemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia is a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells due to iron deficiency. 

Vitamin B-12 Deficiency Anemia

Vitamin B-12 deficiency can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency anemia and neurologic dysfunction.

Pernicious Anemia

Pernicious anemia is a type of vitamin B-12 anemia.  The body needs vitamin B12 to make red blood cells.  This is a chronic illness caused by impaired absorption of vitamin B-12. It’s quite uncommon among pregnancy women.

Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia

Folic acid deficiency anemia is caused by having too little vitamin B9 (folate) in your blood.  If you have folic acid deficiency anemia during pregnancy your baby may be at a higher risk of developing serious birth defects.

What Are The Risk Factors of Anemia During Pregnancy?

  • Teenage pregnancy
  • Carrying twins
  • Carrying triplets
  • Poor diet
  • Stomach ulcers
  • History of hemorrhoids
  • Excessive morning sickness
  • Don’t enough food that is rich in iron
  • Excessive vomiting
  • Have had two pregnancies close together
  • Had anemia before you became together

Causes And Pathophysiology of Iron Deficiency Anemia In Pregnancy

During pregnancy your blood volume rise by 50% to help with the developing baby.  By the second and third trimesters your body will need to produce more iron.  

The iron helps produce enough hemoglobin that helps carry out oxygen and crucial nutrients to the baby. Insufficient lack of iron can make you anemic.

Is Anemia A Sign of Pregnancy?

No, anemia is not a sign of pregnancy. Anemia during pregnancy is not commonly diagnosed until second or third trimester.  Anemia should be taken serious and should not be left unattended.

What Are The Signs and Symptoms of Anemia During Pregnancy?

There are many symptoms you might experience due to anemia:

Dietary Measures for Preventing Anemia During Pregnancy

  • Maintain a healthy diet
  • Eat high folic acid rich foods
  • Increase your intake of vitamin C
  • Eat lots of food high in fiber
  • Take your prenatal vitamins
  • Take your iron supplements

Anemia During Pregnancy Diagnosis

During your second or third trimester anemia is usually determine during your regular routine checkup.  The doctor might perform additional test to search for similar symptoms such as:

  • Peripheral blood smear
  • Complete blood count
  • Serum ferritin index

Anemia During Pregnancy Treatment And Management

Oral iron supplements are a great way to prevent and treat low levels of iron.  The most prescribe medicine for iron is called Floradix.  During pregnancy the recommended dosage of iron is 27 mg everyday.

Folic Acid Supplements: Another common prescribe medicine due to lack of folate deficiency.

Light Exercise:  Doing some light exercise will help you manage the symptoms.

Managing Severe Anemia

Managing severe anemia will require bed rest. It will also require diet and nutrition supplements. The doctor might also require taking oral supplements.

Are There Any Side Effects of The Supplements?

Lack of iron may lead to:

  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Blackish stool color

Possible Complications of Anemia While Pregnant

Anemia during pregnancy in most cases will not affect the baby. If left unattended it may result in:

  • Anemia
  • Developmental delay
  • Baby with low birth weight
  • Higher risk of preterm labor

Anemia During Pregnancy Incidence

The incidence stats show it affect one third of all pregnant women. It usually happens during the third trimester.

Anemia ICD-9 And ICD-10 Codes

The ICD-9 codes 20-285 help identify anemia. ICD-10 codes are D50-D64.

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