Gestational diabetes is usually identified in pregnant women who have never had any kind of diabetes running in her life. This type of GDM is described as an abnormally of high blood glucose levels.
Any pregnant women having high glucose levels are dangerous during pregnancy for the mother and child. If the pancreas can’t keep up with the increased insulin demand, your glucose levels rise too high; it results in having gestational diabetes.
There are two types of Gestational classification:
1. Gestational diabetes mellitus or GDM
2. Gestational diabetes insipidus or GDI
There are no known factors triggering high blood glucose during pregnancy. Many studies have concluded due to all the hormonal changes increases in estrogens, progestin’s, and other related hormones.
There are many changes that over take your body while pregnant. All the hormonal changes cause your body to be resistant to insulin. One of the main functions of the pancreas is to produce your body energy using glucose.
When your body starts to reduce insulin throughout your pregnancy it causes your glucose levels to rise too high. Gestational diabetes is usually detected in the second trimester or even as later as the third trimester.
Gestational diabetes typically does not cause any noticeable signs or symptoms. Some of the most common symptoms pregnant may experience are:
There are many symptoms to watch out for and might require to seek medical attention to avoid any further complications:
There are no known factors triggering gestational diabetes. It’s has been linked to as a result of hormones blocking the insulin in your body. Maintaining a healthy weight is essential to lower the risk.
The glucose screening is performed through out the 24th and 28th week.
The doctor will perform routine checkups for GDM through out the pregnancy.
These routine checkups include:
Treatments for gestational diabetes during pregnancy includes:
Eating balanced meals: Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables, cooking meals at home, and reducing calories intake. A balanced diet is one that gives your body the nutrition it needs to function properly.
Getting Regularly Exercise: Moderate exercises help your body use the insulin better. Exercise also helps control your blood sugar level.
Checking Blood Sugar Levels: It’s important to know when your blood sugar lever is outside the safe range.
In rare situations, the doctor might have you take insulin shots for maintaining the blood sugar levels to protect the baby. The insulin your taking does not have any side effects.
The doctor might recommend inducing labor due to the extra glucose that causes the baby to get big.
After a couple of weeks of delivery the diabetes goes away on it’s own.
Risk to the baby
Gestational diabetes affects about 10 percent of all
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