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Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids during pregnancy is a swollen vein or group of veins in the region of the anus.  Swollen blood vessels of the rectum cause hemorrhoids.  

A hemorrhoid is the most common pregnancy symptom. It affects 50 % of all pregnancy. 

It usually appears in the first and second trimester of pregnancy. It’s not considered a sign of pregnancy when you have hemorrhoids in pregnancy.

Signs And Symptoms of Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy

Having hemorrhoids does not have any harm on the baby. It can be quite annoying since it causes extremely painful to do your routine. It can also cause swelling in the anus.

There are two types internal and external hemorrhoids.  The internal hemorrhoids cause mild discomfort and are usually painless.  

In severe cases, you might have symptoms such as:

  • Blood in stools
  • Itchiness around the rectum area
  • Bleeding when sneezing
  • Leakage of feces
  • Lump near the anus

What Does Hemorrhoid Look Like?

The internal hemorrhoids are hidden inside and not visually.  The only time you might see internal hemorrhoids is when they are is swollen, and it’s protruding out. 

External hemorrhoids are located underneath the skin that surrounds the anus. It can be touched and might cause itchiness.  

What Causes Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy?

  • Constipation can aggravate hemorrhoids
  • Increased blood flow that might lead to swelling
  • Irritation of the veins due to increased blood
  • Pressure of growing uterus

Causes of Hemorrhoids After Pregnancy

Many women develop hemorrhoids after giving birth due to labor and all the pressure. 

How To Prevent Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy?

  • Stay hydrated by drinking a lot of fluids
  • Keep your anus area clean at all times
  • Improve blood circulation by practicing Kegel exercise 
  • During bowel movement try not to strain as much
  • Avoid putting pressure on the area
  • Have a high diet of fiber-rich food
  • Sleep on your side
  • Keep moving
  • Take a warm bath
  • Get a donut shaped pillow

How Long Do Pregnancy Hemorrhoids Last?

The swollen veins start shrinking down gradually after delivery.  It can last from 2 to 4 weeks with the right care. 

How To Get Rid of Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy?

Home remedies for hemorrhoids during pregnancy

  • Use a donut shaped pillow to reduce the pressure on your rectum area.
  • Applying ice to the painful area
  • Take a warm bath 

Natural hemorrhoid treatment in pregnancy

  • Apply wet baking soda to swollen area
  • Apply essential oils in the external lumps
  • Place some coconut oil in the affected area

Hemorrhoid Medical Treatment

There are several medical treatments for hemorrhoid:

  • Injection
  • Banding
  • Coagulation
  • Surgery

When To Call The Doctor

If you have severe bleeding, it’s important to reach out to your doctor.

Hemorrhoid ICD-9 and ICD-10 Codes

Its ICD-9 code is 455 while the ICD-10 code used for the condition in K64.8.

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