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Postpartum Depression

What Is Postpartum Depression?

Postpartum depression suffered by a mother following childbirth. It typically arises from the combination of hormonal changes, psychological adjustment to motherhood, and fatigue.  

It’s not uncommon for new mothers to have postpartum depression. 

What Are The Types of Postnatal Depression?

Depending on the severity of the symptoms postnatal depression it’s classified into the following categories:

  • Baby Blues
  • Postpartum Depression
  • Postpartum or Puerperal Psychosis

When Does Postpartum Depression Start?

Women experience the baby blues during the first couple of weeks after childbirth feel sadness, irritability, and bouts of crying. 

Postpartum depression usually begins 2 to 3 weeks after giving birth. 

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Postpartum Depression?

Baby Blues Symptoms

  • Poor concentration
  • Mood changes
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Impatience
  • Fatigue
  • Restlessness
  • Impatience
  • Crying for no apparent reason

Postpartum Depression Symptoms

  • Severe anxiety
  • Panic attacks
  • Inability to sleep
  • Loss of appetite
  • Excessive crying
  • Depressed mood
  • Difficulty bonding
  • Loss of energy
  • Severe mood swings
  • Overwhelming fatigue
  • Suicide
  • Thoughts of harming yourself
  • Anger
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Decreased libido
  • Unexplained crying spells
  • Appetite loss

Postpartum Psychosis Symptoms

  • Paranoia
  • Attempts to harm yourself
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation

What Causes Postpartum Depression?

  • Hormonal changes: After birth, women experience a big drop in estrogen. The progesterone hormone levels are decreased.
  • Fast changes in the blood pressure
  • Physical changes: birth brings numerous physical and emotional changes

PPD After A Miscarriage Or Stillbirth

It’s normal to have postnatal depression after suffering from miscarriage to suffer from postpartum depression.

Are There Any Risk Factors For Postpartum Depression?

  • Drinking alcohol
  • Expecting multiple pregnancies
  • Financial issues
  • Unwanted pregnancy
  • Bipolar disorder

How To Prevent Postpartum Depression?

  • Manage your expectations
  • Call in the cavalry
  • Sleep
  • Eat right
  • Work it out
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Reduce stress
  • Speak up
  • Don’t feel guilty
  • Increase your intake of the B-Complex vitamins

Postnatal Depression Diagnosis

The diagnosis is based on your medical and family history. The benchmarks used to confirmed the diagnosis are:

  • Insomnia
  • Hypersomnia
  • Severe depression
  • Significant change in appetite
  • Change in body weight

Postpartum Depression Treatment

Different types of PPD treatment vary from different pregnancies.

Dealing With The Baby Blues

The symptoms of the baby blues usually occur within minutes and up to a few hours each day. These symptoms should start lessening and disappear around fourteen days after giving birth. 

Treatment For Postpartum Depression

  • Psychological Treatment
  • Antidepressant Medications
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Psychological Treatment
  • Antidepressant Medications
  • Hormone Therapy

What Is The Prognosis For Postpartum Depression?

Baby blues should not be confused with postpartum depression it’s the least severe form of depression.

The condition gets cured on its own within fourteen days after giving birth. Postpartum depression last on average for a month or longer. It affects 10-20% of women. 

Postpartum Depression And Breastfeeding

Before taking any medications consult with your doctor.  Some antidepressants can lean into breast milk in small amounts.

How Long Does Postpartum Depression Last?

The symptoms of the baby blues usually occur within minutes and up to a few hours each day. These symptoms should start lessening and disappear around fourteen days after giving birth.

Postpartum Depression Incidence Statistics

Postpartum depression occurs in 10-15% of mothers within the first year after giving birth.

Postpartum Depression ICD-9 and ICD-10 Codes

The ICD-9 code used for indicating PPD is 648.4 while it ICD-10 code is F53.0

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