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Placental Abruption

Placental Abruption Definition

What is the definition of placental abruption? Placenta abruption also known as abruption placentae, is a complication of pregnancy, where in the placental lining has separated from the uterus of the mother prior to delivery.

Types of Placenta Abruption

There are two types of placenta abruption to watch out for:

1. Revealed Placenta Abruption: causes mild to severe vaginal bleeding.

2. Concealed Placental Abruption: no vaginal bleeding as the bloods gets trapped, placing pressure behind the placenta.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Placental Abruption?

There are many signs and symptoms to pay attention due to placental abruption.

Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms:

What Causes Placental Abruption

The exact reasons for a placental abruption still remain unknown. Experts have compose a list of the most common causes of abruption.

Here are the top reasons for abruption:

  • Trauma or injury to the abdomen
  • High blood pressure
  • Substance abuse
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Maternal age
  • Premature rupture of the membranes
  • Twin pregnancy
  • Multi-pregnancies

What Are The Risk Factors of Placental Abruption?

There are many risk factors that contribute to a placental abruption.

  • Maternal age: It’s common for women over 40 years of age to encounter a placental abruption.
  • Multiple pregnancies: If you are carrying twins the delivery of the first baby can cause changes in the uterus that might trigger placenta abruption.
  • Blood clotting disorders: Any disorder you might have that causes blood clots it will increase the risk of the placental abruption.
  • Drugs: Another major risk is women who use drugs have a higher risk.

Other causes of abrupt ions are: 

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Cocain abuse
  • Diabetes
  • Thrombophilia
  • Short umbilical cord
  • Uterine infection
  • Oligohydramnios
  • Stillbirth
  • Excessive substance abuse

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