Pregnancy Induced Hypertension Gestational Hypertension 

What Is Pregnancy Induced Hypertension?



Gestational hypertension, also referred to as pregnancy induced hypertension is a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy. It occurs in about 7 to 10 percent of all pregnancies.

  If you develop high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy but don’t have protein in your urine, you’ll be diagnosed with gestational hypertension.

What Are The Causes and Risk Factors of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension?

The common risk factors for pregnancy induced hypertension gestational hypertension include:

  • Being over weight
  • Kidney disease
  • Carrying twins
  • Placental abnormalities
  • Being pregnant for the first time
  • History of high blood pressure in previous pregnancy

Gestational Hypertension Signs And Symptoms

Some women may experience the following symptoms:

  • Sudden weight gain
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Sudden swelling
  • Passing urination
  • Vomiting
  • Breathing problems
  • Problems with the vision

What Are The Risks of Gestational Hypertension?

Risks to the baby

  • Birth defects
  • The baby might be smaller than average size
  • Lower average birth weight
  • Neonatal Asphyxia

Maternal Complications

How To Prevent Pregnancy Induced Hypertension?

  • Avoid eating fried food
  • Stay hydrated
  • Avoid smoking
  • Increase your amount of protein
  • Loose excessive body weight before conceiving
  • Avoid junk food
  • Doing regular exercise
  • Reduce stress by practicing yoga

Diet For Pregnancy Induced Hypertension

  • Take about 1,300 milligrams of calcium per day
  • Follow a low sodium diet
  • Maintain a balanced diet with adequate calories and protein
  • Stay away from foods that contain Listeria

Gestational Hypertension Diagnosis

  • Urine test
  • Kidney test
  • Assessment of edema
  • Eye exams
  • Blood clotting test

Gestational Hypertension Treatment and Management

If your condition is mild then it would not require any treatment.  The high blood pressure usually goes away after delivery. 

Drugs And Medications:

Before taking any medication make sure to speak with your physician.  These are the most commonly used for the purposes are:

  • Hydralazine
  • Labetalol
  • Methyldopa
  • Nifedipine

Gestational Hypertension Incidence

This condition is identifying in about 6% of all pregnancies. During the second pregnancy risk of hypertensive disorders rises by 20-50%.

Pregnancy Induced Hypertension ICD-9 and ICD-10 Codes

The ICD-9 code used for referring to PIH is 642 while its ICD-10 codes are O13.

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